Students must be willing to be tentative, to express thoughts and feelings they are unsure of, to change their minds. Robert E. Probst
Talk is a critical component of the meaning-making process during response. Students need many opportunities to talk in a meaningful way. Talk in the response process can be done in different ways to support making meaning and encourages deeper thinking.
More information on talk moves.
Whole group discussion is a powerful way to make meaning as a classroom community. Discussions begin with teachers posing open-ended questions and inviting students to enter into a dialogue about the text.
Strategies for Whole Group Talk:
Video: strategies for whole group discussions about literature.
In small groups, students are able to make meaning collaboratively. Small group discussion strategies should be modeled for students and introduced gradually over a period of time. Students will need many opportunities to explore the strategies during a variety of discussion contexts.
Strategies for Small Group Talk:
Teach the Talk, Not the Text from the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) gives teachers ideas for using talk to make meaning of texts.