Process refers to the way students come to understand essential knowledge and ideas. Carol Ann Tomlinson (2004), one of the most respected voices in differentiation, uses the term "sense making" to describe what happens as students begin to process what they are learning and make it their own.
Differentiation occurs when the teacher offers a variety of ways for students to make sense of what they are learning. When this is combined with different degrees of complexity and appropriate support more students are able to arrive at new understanding.
|Students make or do something...||
|In a variety of ways...||
|At different levels of complexity or sophistication...||
|With different degrees of support from teacher and/or peers...||
|Using essential skills and information...||
It is essential that all students have opportunities to engage in relevant, authentic, meaningful tasks that push them a bit beyond what they find comfortable. Teachers differentiate process to match the readiness, interest and learning profiles of their students.
The following strategies help students process information and ideas in ways that work best for them.
|Learning logs||Jigsaw||Exit Cards|
|Learning centres||Mind mapping||Anchor Activities|
|Literature Circles||Tiered Activities||Journal Prompts|